1. Giving more state support to young people now will cost much less in the long-term
For each year of extra support given, the government could save more than $700,000 per year due to reduced costs to the health, justice and welfare system.*
There is also evidence that raising the age to 21 will result in better outcomes for young people. For example, a study from the US found that raising the age to 21 meant that young people were much more likely to go on to higher education, earn more, live independently without support, and were less likely to become young parents.*
2. Most Kiwis leave home at 23
The average Kiwi now leaves home when they’re 23 and a half. Evidence shows that transitioning to adulthood is a gradual process, with many young people continuing to receive financial and emotional support well past 17. This is in stark contrast to the situation young people who leave state care at 17, when the state relinquishes parental responsibility.
Becoming an independent adult is a challenge at the best of times, but it’s that much harder when you’ve had a disrupted childhood, nowhere to live, and no parental role models. Raising the age to 21 would give young people in state care the right to have the same support as every other Kiwi.
3. Some young people may need additional support to catch up with their peers
Many young people in state care have experienced abuse and neglect. It’s therefore absolutely crucial that they have support and a home-base as they find their feet. For young people who have experienced particularly severe abuse, they may need a bit more support.
4. Raising the age for support to 21 doesn’t mean young people have to stay in care if they don’t want to
We are asking for state care to be available for young people until they turn 21 if they want it. If young people no longer want to stay in state care, they should have the right to find an arrangement that suits their needs. Giving young people this choice would be similar to every other young person in NZ’s experience, and is in-line with international best practice.*
5. New Zealand has the lowest state care leaving age in the English speaking world
New Zealand has a long and proud history of being a world leader for its egalitarian society. Raising the age to 21 would put us on an equal standing with the likes of England, Scotland, and New York.
Please sign the petition to show your support and that #WeDontStopCaring when our kids turn 17: www.actionstation.org.nz/wedonstopcaring
This petition is a collaboration between Lifewise, Youthline, Dingwall Trust, Child Poverty Action Group, Wesley Community Action, Christchurch Methodist Mission and Action Station.
- Courtney, M., Dworsky, A. & Pollack, H. (2007). When Should the State Cease Parenting? Evidence From the Widwest Study. Chaplin Hall Center for Children: Issue Brief.
- Forbes, C. & Inder, B. (2006). Measuring the Cost of Leaving State Care in Victoria. Monash University, Working Paper.
- Munro, E., Maskell-Graham, D., Ward, H. & the National Care Advisory Service (NCAS). Evaluation of the Staying Put: 18+ Family Placement Pilot Programme Interim Report: Overview of Emerging Themes and Trends. Research Report DFE-RR030. Department for Education, UK Government.